Encrypted Filesystems

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You might be asking yourself what is an encrypted filesystem good for? There are many answers, and a few might be storage of: RSA private keys, password lists, tripwire checksums, Mafia book keeping, plans for world domination, or whatever you can think of! When the men in black suits come to get your private info, they will have a very difficult job. You will be using the following commands in this exercises:






First thing is to man the above commands, and take a look at the "Encrypted Filesystem" example in the FreeBSD Handbook. This is an extension of the example found in the handbook.


Add GEOM_BDE support to the kernel if it isn't already there, and recompile.

options GEOM_BDE

Create a few directories. One for lock files, and the other for a mount point.

masta# mkdir /private
masta# mkdir /etc/gbde

Create an empty image file of 1000Mb.

masta# touch /usr/local/cryptfs.img
masta# dd if=/dev/zero of=/usr/local/cryptfs.img bs=1024k count=1000

Create a virtual device that points the empty file.

masta# mdconfig -a -t vnode -u 9 -f /usr/local/cryptfs.img

Invoke the gbde program on the new virtual device. This will ask for a passphrase twice, and open an editor.

masta# gbde init /dev/md9 -i -L /etc/gbde/md9

In the Editor, alter the "sector_size" line, and exit.

g/sector_size = 512/s//sector_size = 2048/g

NOTE: You should have a /dev/md9.bde device-node.

Invoke the gbde program to attach the image file to the kernel.

masta# gbde attach /dev/md9 -l /etc/gbde/md9

NOTE: You will be prompted for the passphrase.

Format the attached image with UFS2:

masta# newfs -U -O2 /dev/md9.bde

Now mount the md9.bde filesystem to the mount-point we created earlier.

masta# mount /dev/md9.bde /private

Check to make sure everthing worked.

masta# df -h

NOTE: this article was reproduced and minorly reformatted from and has not been tested for accuracy.

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